|Name of STI||How is the STI contracted?||Symptoms 1||How do you get tested?||Treatment|
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
||Initially, fever, headache, sore throat, swollen glands, rash
Later symptoms of AIDS include night sweats, chills, high fever, white spots or lesions on tongue, blurred vision, weight loss
||There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS but medicines can help slow the progression of the disease|
|Genital Herpes (HSV)||Skin-to-skin sexual activity (oral, anal, vaginal); you can contract from someone who does not have sores/blisters; HSV-1 causes cold sores in the mouth/lips but is spread to genital area by oral sex||Painful blisters/sores on genital area.||Physical exam
Culture of sores if present
Blood test (usually not done)
|No cure but medicines can help heal and decrease frequency of outbreaks|
|HPV (Human Papillomavirus)||Genital skin-to-skin contact or by oral, anal, or vaginal sex||Most don’t know they are infected. Some have genital warts or precancerous changes on penis, scrotum, labia, vagina, cervix, anus||Physical Exam to look for warts
For women, Pap smear of cervix to look for precancerous/cancerous cells
|There is no cure for HPV although in many cases the virus will clear naturally. For warts caused by HPV there are a variety of options for removal|
|Hepatitis B (HBV)||Sexual activity (vaginal/anal sex); I.V. drug use; contact with blood; infected mother to her baby during birth||Jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite||Blood test||No cure once contracted but medications available to help control the disease
There is a vaccine for Hepatitis B
|Hepatitis C (HCV)||I.V. drug use, blood exposures on the job (i.e. healthcare workers, etc), infected mother to baby during birth, sex with an infected partner (vaginal, anal sex)||Jaundice (yellow skin/eyes), fatigue, dark urine, abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite||Blood test; you should be tested if you have ever injected illegal drugs or received blood products before 1992||No vaccine available|
|Gonorrhea (GC)||Sexual activity (vaginal, oral, anal)||Most do not have any symptoms. Women may have vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, break-through bleeding
Males may have pain with urinating, a discharge from the penis, painful or swollen testicles.
|Swab of the secretions from the infected area (cervix, urethra, anus, throat) or urine sample||Antibiotics|
|Chlamydia||Contact with infected secretions during sexual activity (vaginal, oral, or anal sex)||Most do not have any symptoms. Females may have a vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between periods.
Males may have pain when urinating, discharge (pus) from the penis
|Swab of the secretions from the infected area (cervix, urethra, anus throat) or urine sample||Antibiotics|
|Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)||Associated with vaginal intercourse||White or grayish vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, sometimes accompanied with pain, itching, or burning||Pelvic exam and test on vaginal fluid||Antibiotics or vaginal creams|
|PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)||Untreated infections (especially Chlamydia or Gonorrhea)can lead to PID||Women may have only mild symptoms even though serious damage to the internal reproductive organs (fallopian tubes) may be occurring.
Symptoms include severe lower abdominal pain, fever, vaginal discharge, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual periods
Severe cases cause infertility
|No precise test, but cultures of the cervix to test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea should be performed in sexually active women with lower abdominal pain. Ultrasound and surgery may also be necessary to diagnose PID||Antibiotics|
|Syphilis||Skin-to-skin contact with syphilis sore during sexual activity (oral, anal, vaginal sex)||Sores can also occur on the lips and mouth Primary Stage: Painless sore on the genital area, mouth, lips
Secondary Stage: Rash on hands, feet, and other areas of body
Late Stage: Paralysis, numbness, blindness, dementia
Special microscope test to examine material from infectious sores
|Antibiotics by injection|
|Trichomoniasis||vaginal or anal sex||yellow-green discharge with a strong odor||Pelvic exam and laboratory tests on infected fluid||Antibiotics|
- Most STD’s do not have symptoms, therefore many people are infected and do not know it. The only way to know for sure is to get tested.
Compiled using information from the following sources:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved September 11, 2006.