STD Testing

What is an STD?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) begin by an infection that is passed from one person to another during sexual contact. There are many kinds of STDs.

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How is the STD Contracted?

Associated with vaginal intercourse

Symptoms

White or grayish vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, sometimes accompanied with pain, itching, or burning

How do you get tested?

Pelvic exam and test on vaginal fluid

Treatment

Antibiotics or vaginal creams

How is the STD Contracted?

Contact with infected secretions during sexual activity (vaginal, oral, or anal sex)

Symptoms

Most do not have any symptoms. Females may have a vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between

How do you get tested?

Swab of the secretions from the infected area (cervix, urethra, anus throat) or urine sample

Treatment

Antibiotics

How is the STD Contracted?

Skin-to-skin sexual activity (oral, anal, vaginal); you can contract from someone who does not have sores/blisters; HSV-1 causes cold sores in the mouth/lips but is spread to genital area by oral sex

Symptoms

Painful blisters/sores on genital area.

How do you get tested?

Physical exam

Culture of sores if present

Blood test (usually not done)

Treatment

No cure but medicines can help heal and decrease frequency of outbreaks

How is the STD Contracted?

Sexual activity (vaginal, oral, anal)

Symptoms

Most do not have any symptoms. Women may have vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, break-through bleeding

Males may have pain with urinating, a discharge from the penis, painful or swollen testicles.

How do you get tested?

Swab of the secretions from the infected area (cervix, urethra, anus, throat) or urine sample

Treatment

Antibiotics

How is the STD Contracted?

Sexual activity (vaginal/anal sex); I.V. drug use; contact with blood; infected mother to her baby during birth

Symptoms

Jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite

How do you get tested?

Blood test

Treatment

No cure once contracted but medications available to help control the disease

There is a vaccine for Hepatitis B

How is the STD Contracted?

I.V. drug use, blood exposures on the job (i.e. healthcare workers, etc), infected mother to baby during birth, sex with an infected partner (vaginal, anal sex)

Symptoms

Jaundice (yellow skin/eyes), fatigue, dark urine, abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite

How do you get tested?

Blood test; you should be tested if you have ever injected illegal drugs or received blood products before 1992

Treatment

No vaccine available

How is the STD Contracted?

Contact with infected blood or body fluid during:

Sexual activity (oral, anal, vaginal sex)

I.V. drug abuse (sharing needles)

Mother to baby (during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding)

Symptoms

Initially, fever, headache, sore throat, swollen glands, rash

Later symptoms of AIDS include night sweats, chills, high fever, white spots or lesions on tongue, blurred vision, weight loss

How do you get tested?

Blood test

Oral swab test

Treatment

There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS but medicines can help slow the progression of the disease

How is the STD Contracted?

Genital skin-to-skin contact or by oral, anal, or vaginal sex

Symptoms

Most don’t know they are infected. Some have genital warts or precancerous changes on penis, scrotum, labia, vagina, cervix, anus

How do you get tested?

Physical Exam to look for warts
For women, Pap smear of cervix to look for precancerous/cancerous cells

Treatment

There is no cure for HPV although in many cases the virus will clear naturally. For warts caused by HPV there are a variety of options for removal.

How is the STD Contracted?

Untreated infections (especially Chlamydia or Gonorrhea)can lead to PID

Symptoms

Women may have only mild symptoms even though serious damage to the internal reproductive organs (fallopian tubes) may be occurring.

Symptoms include severe lower abdominal pain, fever, vaginal discharge, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual periods

Severe cases cause infertility

How do you get tested?

No precise test, but cultures of the cervix to test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea should be performed in sexually active women with lower abdominal pain. Ultrasound and surgery may also be necessary to diagnose PID

Treatment

Antibiotics

How is the STD Contracted?

Skin-to-skin contact with syphilis sore during sexual activity (oral, anal, vaginal sex)

Symptoms

Sores can also occur on the lips and mouth Primary Stage: Painless sore on the genital area, mouth, lips

Secondary Stage: Rash on hands, feet, and other areas of body

Late Stage: Paralysis, numbness, blindness, dementia

How do you get tested?

Blood test

Special microscope test to examine material from infectious sores

Treatment

Antibiotics by injection

How is the STD Contracted?

Vaginal or anal sex

Symptoms

Yellow-green discharge with a strong odor

How do you get tested?

Pelvic exam and laboratory tests on infected fluid

Treatment

Antibiotics

When should I get tested?

If you’ve been sexually active, it’s important to be tested for STDs. Many STDs do not have symptoms or show symptoms only after the infection has progressed.

What STD Tests do you Offer?

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Syphilis
  • HPV

How will I be tested?

  • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: urine sample for men; urine or vaginal sample for women.

  • HIV/AIDS and Syphilis: blood sample for men and women.

  • HPV: offered in special cases and upon the recommendation of our medical professionals.

What if my test is positive?

  • Chlamydia: our medical staff will call in a prescription at a local pharmacy.
  • HIV, Syphilis or Gonorrhea: you will be referred to a local clinic that specializes in this type of treatment.
  • Abnormal PAP: our medical staff will discuss recommended treatment and refer you to a local clinic if appropriate.

How much does an STD test cost?

STD testing is free of charge to anyone under the age of 18. If you are uninsured, you may also qualify for free testing.

If you have private health insurance, we ask for a $30 donation to cover the laboratory costs. Multiple visits within a year may be subject to additional fees.

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